According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, reverse discrimination is:" discrimination against whites or males (as in employment or education) ". 1.
By it's very definition "affirmative action" is both racist and sexist. Men are discriminated again BY DESIGN through affirmative action.
The following is the Gettysburg Address which President Abraham Lincoln gave on Thursday November 19, 1863 at the dedication of the Soldiers National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania:
"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth." 2.
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Unfortunately, the political establishment of the United States government has forgotten the lessons of the American Civil War and the Gettysburg Address.
Rather, it continues on the path of discrimination and privilege based upon race, gender, color and national origin through affirmative action and other overt and covert laws and policies.
As per the Gettysburg address, it is for men's rights activists and other freedom loving citizens" It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth." 3.
What is the legal definition of " Reverse discrimination"?
"Employment programs required by federal statutes and regulations designed to remedy discriminatory practices in hiring minority group members; i.e., positive steps designed to eliminate existing and continuing discrimination, to remedy lingering effects of past discrimination, and to create systems and procedures to prevent future discrimination; commonly based on population percentages of minority groups in a particular area. Factors considered are race, color, sex, creed, and age." 4.
The Free Dictionary by Farlex discusses the history of "affirmative action" and it's definition 5.
Affirmative action is not limited to employment but, also, includes education, the receipt of social services, and many other governmental, private, and other benefits, freedoms, and privileges. It can even mean the exclusion of Caucasians and/or men even if the same are better qualified by reason of education, expertise, or temperament.
Legal arguments against affirmative action include those that assert that it is in violation of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution, The U.S. Constitution's prohibition against Bills of Attainder, as well as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The text of the Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution which was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments is as follows:
"Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Section 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
Section 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.
Section 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
Section 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article." 6.
Do "Affirmative Action" and similar laws amount to "Bills of Attainder" and "Ex Post Facto" laws forbidden by the U.S. Constitution? It appears to me that they do.
What is a Bill of Attainder?
"A bill of attainder (also known as an act of attainder or writ of attainder or bill of pains and penalties) is an act of a legislature declaring a person or group of persons guilty of some crime and punishing them , often without a trial." 7..
"The United States Constitution forbids legislative bills of attainder under Article I, Section 9. The provision forbidding state law bills of attainder, Article I, Section 10, reflects the importance that the framers attached to this issue.
"Within the U.S. Constitution, the clauses forbidding attainder laws serve two purposes. First, they reinforced the separation of powers, by forbidding the legislature to perform judicial or executive functions—since the outcome of any such acts of legislature would of necessity take the form of a bill of attainder. Second, they embody the concept of due process, which was partially reinforced by the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution. The text of the Constitution, Article I, Section 9; Clause 3 is "No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed".
The constitution of every State also expressly forbids bills of attainder. For example, Wisconsin's constitution Article I, Section 12 reads:
No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, nor any law impairing the obligation of contracts, shall ever be passed, and no conviction shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate.
Contrast this with the subtly more modern variation of the Texas version: Article 1 (Titled Bill of Rights) Section 16, entitled Bills of Attainder; Ex Post Facto or Retroactive Laws: Impairing Obligation of Contracts: "No bill of attainder, ex post facto law, retroactive law, or any law impairing the obligation of contracts, shall be made." 8.
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The SCOTUS, the Supreme Court of the United States, is supposed to be an impartial tribunal with regard to the interpretation and enforcement of the U.S. Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and associated laws, regulations, and otherwise.
However, in actuality, it isn't.
SCOTUS has enforced laws which discriminate against individuals and groups because of gender and race inclusive of the military draft, affirmative action, and other laws and practices which have the effect of discriminating against males, especially Caucasian men. SCOTUS has supported and approved laws which unconstitutionally promulgate "Monopoly Capitalism" inclusive of the infamous ruling that corporations have the same basic political rights as living individuals (Citizens United). THUS, SCOTUS is not an impartial tribunal but a highly political entity which promulgates the political and economic means and ends of the political establishment which, as in this particular case, are "Monopoly Capitalism" with it's closely associated "Cultural Marxism."
In light of the aforementioned, the following quote is appropriate:
"A nation can survive its fools, and even the ambitious. But it cannot survive treason from within. An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly. But the traitor moves amongst those within the gate freely, his sly whispers rustling through all the alleys, heard in the very halls of government itself. For the traitor appears not a traitor; he speaks in accents familiar to his victims, and he wears their face and their arguments, he appeals to the baseness that lies deep in the hearts of all men. He rots the soul of a nation, he works secretly and unknown in the night to undermine the pillars of the city, he infects the body politic so that it can no longer resist. A murderer is less to fear."-- Marcus Tullius Cicero 9.
The following is a partial quote from an article which appears on the VDARE website. This article, by Peter Brimelow, describes the deleterious affects of "affirmative action" on our society, culture, economy, and body politic.
" If quotas are clogging the Clinton transition, what are they doing to the economy? The subject went unmentioned, needless to say, at Clinton's two-day economic summit in Little Rock. In fact, it has gone virtually undiscussed throughout the quarter-century of bureaucratic and judicial decrees that have effectively transformed the color-blind 1964 Civil Rights Act into a pervasive quota system. Ironically, just as socialism has collapsed across the globe, the leading capitalist power has adopted a peculiarly American neosocialism, putting politics (and lawyers) in command of its workplace, albeit on the pretext of equity rather than efficiency. Says Edward Potter of the Washington, D.C.-based Employment Policy Foundation: "We have, without doubt, the most far-reaching equal employment laws found anywhere in the world." Before applauding Potter's sweeping statement, stop for a minute and ponder this question: What does the replacement of merit with quotas cost the American people? The answer is: plenty. The impact may easily have already depressed GNP by a staggering four percentage points—about as much as we spend on the entire public school system. Quotas are not the law of the land, exactly. They are explicitly banned in both the 1964 and 1991 Civil Rights Acts. Nevertheless, corporate America has been terrorized by the legal legerdemain whereby any statistical disparity between work force and population is equated with intentional discrimination. Throughout American business, newly entrenched affirmative action bureaucrats are enforcing discrimination by race and sex—in favor of the "protected classes" (women, minorities and, most recently, the disabled)—as decreed by Washington." 10.
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Reiterating what was stated in the chapter entitled: " The Economic Effects of Feminism" : In an article, written by Krystal Steinmetz, entitled: "Young Men Earn Much Less Now Than in 1973" which appeared in the online MoneyTalksNews on May 13, 2014, describes the dramatic decline in American men's median income since 1973. The URL of the article is:http://www.moneytalksnews.com/2014/05/13/young-american-men-earn-much-less-now-than-in-1973/ The body of this article states: "Young American Men Earn Much Less Now Than in 1973.Men’s median income is on the decline. It’s depressing, but true. Cheryl Russell of the New Strategist Press writes that, according to Census information, men ages 25 to 34 actually earn less than they did 40 years ago. Among all American men, ages 15 and older, median income peaked in 2000, at $37,791. After adjusting for inflation, men’s median income fell 10 percent from 2000 to 2012, to $33,904. While a 10 percent drop in income sounds terrible, it gets worse when you break it down by age groups, Russell said. Check out these sad statistics for the percentage change in men’s median income from the year it peaked to 2012 (adjusted for inflation): Ages 25-34. Down 27 percent. Peaked in 1973. Ages 35-44. Down 19 percent. Peaked in 1973. Ages 45-54. Down 17 percent. Peaked in 1999. Ages 55-64. Down 13 percent. Peaked in 2003. Russell said: The median income of men aged 25 to 34 has plunged since 1973, falling from $46,598 to $34,113 after adjusting for inflation — a loss of $12,485. Men aged 35 to 44 have lost $10,345 since their peak. Men aged 45 to 54 have lost $9,762, and men aged 55 to 64 have lost $6,407. " 11.
The YouTube video entitled: "Male Gender Bias in the Nursing Profession" provides facts and reasoned arguments demonstrating discrimination against men in the traditional female profession of nursing. 12.
Given the aforementioned, the following quote from William Shakespeare's play, "Richard III", is appropriate: Richard:"And thus I clothe my naked villany With odd old ends stol'n out of holy writ,And seem a saint, when most I play the devil." 13.